Nanzhuang Township is located in the northeast of Miaoli County. To the south is Tai'an Township, to the southwest is Shitan Township, to the northwest is Sanwan Township, and to the east and northeast are Emei Township, Beipu Township and Wufeng Township of Hsinchu County. Nanzhuang Township belongs to the original source area of the Zhonggang River Basin. The residents in the township are quite diverse, with Hakkas making up the biggest ethnic group (about 80.3 percent), followed by indigenous people, mainland Chinese immigrants from the 1940s and Minnan people (much earlier immigrants from China’s Fujian province and their descendants). The whole township is included in the scope of the Tri-Mountain National Scenic Area. Nanzhuang Old Street | 南庄老街 Nanzhuang Old Street is mainly a triangular area consisting of Zhongshan Road, Wenhua Road and Minsheng Street. It was built after the 1935 Shinchiku-Taichū earthquake. At that time, Nanzhuang was severely damaged. During the reconstruction, the Japanese planned and designed two-story nostalgic Japanese-style wooden buildings, making architecture become a major feature of Old Street. Nanzhuang Old Street is also known as Guihua (Osmanthus) Lane. Osmanthus is almost a representative plant of Nanzhuang. The osmanthus preserve is the most representative specialty of Nanzhuang. Therefore, you must taste the famous snack sweet osmanthus preserve-stuffed round dumplings. Shenxian Valley (Valley of the Immortals) | 神仙谷 © Tourism Bureau (Photo credit: Chung Hung-chin) Nanzhuang’s Shenxian Valley is a canyon terrain formed by the convergence and cutoff of three streams including Luhu, Luchang and Fengmei. Due to the stratigraphic fault, it turns into two waterfalls. In the Atayal language, the valley is called Kin bow Nay, and its old name is Death Valley, as it is an extremely dangerous valley. One of the scenes from the film "Seediq Bale – Warriors of the Rainbow" was filmed here, and because of this, the valley has attracted many fans who come here for a sort-of pilgrimage. Originally, the valley was steep and the river flowed rapidly, make it prone to danger. After the planning and management of the National Scenic Area Administration, an elevated plank road, pavilion and suspension bridge were set up so that visitors could easily walk across the suspension bridge and look at the beautiful scenery of the Valley of the Immortals from high above. Visitors are left with a deep impression of the beauty of the double waterfall and the magical work of nature. Xiangtian Lake | 向天湖 © Tourism Bureau (Photo credit: Lin Shu-hung) Xiangtian Lake is located in a Saisiya tribal settlement in Donghe Village, Nanzhuang Township, Miaoli County. It is nestled in the Guangtian High Mountain and is adjacent to the deer farm in an Atayal tribal settlement. It was said that hundreds of years ago, this area was originally a lake. Because people at that time saw the lake looking up at the sky, they named it Xiangtian Lake. Pasta-ai © Tourism Bureau (Photo credit: Liu Chia-sheng) At an altitude of about 738 meters, this area is often foggy due to the high terrain. Besides having the Saisiya Folk Museum beside the lake, which allows visitors to gain a deeper understanding of Saisiyat culture, there is also the Pas-ta'ai, or Ritual to the Short People, that is held every two years, with a major festival held every 10 years. The festival is held to commemorate and make offerings to a no-longer existing indigenous tribe that was wiped out by the Saisiya a long time ago. It’s the most important festival for the Saisiya people. As a result, the local area is full of strong indigenous customs.