Five-year theater program Since its creation, the Hakka Affairs Council has worked tirelessly to promote Hakka culture and already made great strides. We have made quite a few achievements in the study and preservation, popularization and presentation, and succession and development of various cultural issues. Nevertheless, there is still plenty to do to further Hakka arts. In 2004, the Council drew up plans to enhance the promotion of different art categories by weaving them into people’s daily lives. The plan emphasized both Hakka traditions and their modern practicality, aiming to extend the vitality and influence of Hakka culture, shed past stereotypes of Hakka culture as belonging only to a specific ethnic group, and reinterpreting its minority status. The plan focused on Hakka theater and made it a key objective, as theater has always been an important recreational activity for people. It combines folk customs, religion, anthropology and sociology into one inclusive art form, as well as containing many areas of interest to explore. Due to the rich content and far-reaching influence of theater, this project was designed by laying out key points of execution according to the short-, mid- and long-term targets within a period of five years (2004-2008). By observing the past development and present status of theater, the project sketched out its path of engagement to develop future strategies and develop solutions for difficulties during implementation. In addition to showcasing the cultural characteristics of theater itself, the plan also incorporated possible interplay with other categories of arts, balancing theory and practice, technology and tradition, academic learning and skills, and planning and execution. The process of integration allowed various cultural assets to enhance one another and create a value-added experience. Five-year music program Hakka music and theater are the most prominent features of Hakka culture. Therefore, any undertaking to revive Hakka culture must take Hakka music and theater into consideration. Starting in 2004, the HAC gave Hakka music and theater the highest priority, with the theater program launched separately. During the five-year program, efforts were made to conduct the systematic and coordinated collection, compilation, preservation, study, support, exchange, creation, and performance of traditional Hakka music. Furthermore, the program encouraged the development and innovation of Taiwan Hakka music. Individuals versed in the composition, performance, and study of Hakka music were cultivated in order to create a more favorable environment for the development of Hakka music. The revival of Hakka music is an essential foundation for the further advancement of Hakka culture. Art and culture are the most precious assets of any group, and whether popular or refined, it has taken a long time for peoples to accumulate, pass down, and inherit. Through constant migration, Hakka music has been reborn in various parts of Taiwan with new elements added in. It exists in a society where Hakka culture is not the mainstream culture, and contains the conventions and adaptation of traditional music, the ongoing creation process, and artistic ideals brought into full play. Though Hakka music abounds despite the lack of a favorable environment, little has been done to preserve it. Thus, we hope to shine a light on Hakka music’s predicament and advantages at its current stage to lay the groundwork for drawing up a more proper, comprehensive plan for its future development.