Introduction & Objective
The Hakka Association of Western Australia Inc. (HakkaWA) was registered on 9 June 2012, with Registered number A1014277M, with the objectives to promote the cross pollination of the Chinese (especially Hakka) and Australian cultural and economic activities, and to bring together the Hakka people and their relatives and friends, and those interested in the Hakka language and culture, to encourage and foster the Hakka language, culture, customs, values and way of life and in this way to contribute to and enrich the Australian cultural life.
The Hakkas are a unique subgroup of Han Chinese which constitutes about 92% of the population of the People’s Republic of China, and there are an estimated 80 million Hakkas spread worldwide. Indeed it was said that “where there are Chinese there are Hakkas”.
The Hakkas are thought to be one of the earliest "Han" settlers in China. Hakka people also have married other ethnic groups and adopted their cultures during the long migration history of 2000 years. Due to the infusion of other ethnic groups from the northwest, north and northeast, these original settlers gradually migrated south and settled in Jiangxi, Fujian, and Guangdong. They were called Hakka by the locals when they first settled in.
This term has been used since by non-Hakka and Hakka people, and in international publications. The spelling "Hakka" is derived from the pronunciation in Hakka dialect( pronounced as "haagga" in Hakka and "kejia" in Mandarin).
During the last hundred years or so, Hakka people migrated to South East Asia, East Africa, Europe (Holland, United Kingdom, France, Germany), South America (Brazil, Trinidad etc) Canada, USA. About 7% of the 1.2 billion Chinese clearly state their Hakka origin or heritage. However, the actual number may be more as many Hakka
Han who settled along the path of migration assimilate with the local people.
The Hakka identity is gradually lost. As such, the need of various Hakka associations around the world including HakkaWA to promote and preserve the Hakka language and culture.
Hakka people are noted for their preservation of certain cultural characteristics that could be traced to pre-Qin period (about 2200 years ago) as expressed in the custom, foods, spoken language, etc. Hakka people are also known to be very adamant in defending their cultural heritage, which was the reason for their migration
to flee from the "northern" influence at that time.
Objective of HakkaWA
Pursuant to Rule 3(1) of the HakkaWA constitution, the objects of the Association are: -
(a) to enable Hakka people in Western Australia to network and enhance
their relationship with each other;
(b) to encourage and foster the Hakka language, culture, customs, valuesand way of life and in this way to contribute to and enrich the Australian cultural life;
(c) to look after the general welfare and interests of its Members and the Hakka community in Western Australia;
(d) to provide assistance to its Members to assimilate into the Australian society and to promote cohesion within Australian society;
(e) to promote the cross pollination of the Chinese (especially Hakka) and Australian cultural and economic activities
(f) to do such acts or things that are or may be incidental or conducive to the attainment of any of the objects of the Association.
Rule 5(1) of the Constitution sates that Membership of the Association is open toany person of good character, over the age of 16, who is of Hakka origin or who has a Hakka connection.
(The definition of “a Hakka connection” shall be determined by the Committee of Management of the Association, but shall include the spouse and children of a Hakka, a relative of a Hakka, anyone who can speak the Hakka language, and anyone who is interested in the Hakka culture and language.)
澳洲位於南半球，是世界最小的大陸，面積為770萬平方公里，約是台灣的280倍大。澳洲大陸 的地質相當古老，有「化石大陸」之稱。澳洲的西部是高原、中央有低地、東部則是高地； 全境內有三分之一以上是沙漠地形。西澳是全澳洲面積最大的省份(約三分之一個澳洲大)， 相當於西歐的大小(約是台灣的70倍大)，人口卻只有一百六十七萬人(比大台北地區的人口還少)， 而其中的一百二十萬人又居住在首府伯斯，其它地區人口之稀少就可想而知了。西澳的土地 不肥沃，最適宜的農耕地帶只有在西南方的Wheatbelt，從熱帶的北部一直到溫帶的南部， 地勢起伏不大。
柏斯是在1829年建立的英國殖民地，英國政府選派蘇格蘭的海軍上校詹姆士.德寧 (James Stirling)負責管理西澳天鵝河(Swan River)殖民地，史德寧選擇以「伯斯」作這塊 殖民地的名字，這是因為史德寧要向他的友人喬治梅利爵士致敬，而梅利是當時蘇格蘭伯斯 這個地方選出來的下院議員，也是當時的殖民地部的大臣，伯斯的名稱便由此而來。
柏斯殖民地發展很慢，一直到1850年，來自英國的罪犯補充了勞動力，像總督府、市政廳這些 老建築，都是當年罪犯勞工所建造的。1890年代伯斯發現了金礦，在短短十年間，人口增加了 四倍，目前是澳洲第五大城。
西澳是澳洲氣候最為多樣化的地方之一。北部屬於熱帶，南部屬於溫帶，使您的假期體驗也變得多姿多彩。 除此以外，西澳洲還有兩個截然不同的季節變化。 在該州的南半部，春夏秋冬四季分明，而在北部只有兩個季節 - 雨季和旱季。
楊奕駒 會長 敬上